The use of marijuana for medical purposes has a long history, dating as early back as the 19th century. Medical Marijuana refers to the use of the organic marijuana plant and its pure extracts to treat a disease, manage pain or alleviate symptoms. The grade and quality of the cannabis plant is a critical factor for medical use. ‘Medicinal-grade’ cannabis plants grown without the use of pesticides and fertilizers are used, to optimise its effectiveness and health benefits.
Marijuana’s incredible healing properties and its claim as a potential panacea (verified and documented in numerous studies) come from its high cannabidiol (CBD) content and critical levels of medical terpenes (EXPLAIN) and flavonoids.
The most famous cannabinoids are Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), Cannabidiol(CBD), Tetrahydrocannabinol Acid (THCA) and Cannabinol (CBD). THC is the cannabinoid that induces a psychoactive active effect (gets you high!), but for medicinal purposes, the priority exclusively lies with the non-psychoactive healing qualities of the other 3 cannabinoids and to this end, cannabis plants that have higher levels of CBD and lower levels of THC are being produced.
How the Cannabinoids Work
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that act directly and indirectly on cannabinoid receptors to help the body maintain stability and health. Our bodies make their own cannabinoids – called endocannabinoids because they are produced internally – to work on cannabinoid receptors.
By some happy coincidence of nature, cannabis and other plants also produce cannabinoids that interact with our receptors.
The naturally occurring cannabinoid receptors that are embedded in cell membranes throughout the human body provide the perfect channels for cannabinoids to interact with our bodies. These receptors are present in our brain, lungs, liver, kidneys and immune system and play an important role in many body processes, including metabolic regulation, cravings, pain, anxiety, bone growth and immune function. Healing occurs when the cannabinoids in marijuana activates a cannabinoid receptor in the body.
Of all the cannabinoids, THC is famous for its psychoactive effects.
While those cognitive effects can have a variety of advantages or disadvantages depending on the situation, THC offers additional health properties that should not be overlooked.
Cannabidoil or CBD as it’s commonly referred to as, has only in the past few years become very popular in the medical cannabis world due to its effectiveness against epilepsy and cancer without the head high effects of THC.
Though some would argue the claim that CBD is psychoactive because it promotes relaxation and anxiety relief, it is generally accepted that CBD does not cause the euphoric high that THC does.
Marijuana has successfully been used to treat mood disorders, degenerative neurological disorders, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Post-traumatic stress disorder, seizures and there are documented cases of tumours disappearing in patients using only 40 to 60 milligrams of cannabinoids a day CBD has also proven to be an excellent painkiller. As is applicable with all forms of medication, it is ensured that the use of marijuana takes into consideration all the potential benefits and risks and that appropriate steps are taken to mitigate any harmful side effects that could arise with its use.
CBD is a non-psychoactive component of the cannabis plant, so it cannot make
you “high”. It has very powerful medicinal and therapeutic effects on medical
conditions that are serious and non-serious. Research shows that CBD can be
effective in treating patients suffering from the following conditions:
- Pain relief
- MS(Multiple Sclerosis)
THC has a psychoactive effect, but when used properly and in the right dosage, it
becomes an extremely effective substitute for traditional medications with none of
the side effects. It is widely used in medical treatment along with CBD oil which
can counteract the psychoactive component of THC. THC offers treatment for:
- Cancer treatment
- Chronic pain relief
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Parkinson’s disease
- Muscular Dystrophy
- Alzheimer’s disease
Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid (THC-A)
THCA is a non-psychoactive ingredient of the cannabis plant. In its properties, it is
closer to CBD than it is to THC. The benefits of THC-A are already showing
remarkable anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and anti-emetic effects. It has
proven effective in treating:
- Appetite loss
- Neurodegenerative diseases
- Immunity problems
CBN is a mildly psychoactive compound. Its most common attribute is its sedative
effect. CBN induces little to no psychoactive effects, which is why patients can
usually use it without any of the psychotropic effects. Recent studies have shown
its efficacy in treating:
- Stunted bone cell growth
- Appetite stimulation
- Bacterial infection